One of the possible consequences of a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a hematoma. Most hematomas are as a result of some kind of trauma, although not all hematomas occur in the brain. You have probably had some type of hematoma before after a fall, bumping hard against something, or something hits you with some force.
A hematoma is blood that has leaked out of a blood vessel and collected in tissue, where is can cause some swelling or edema (fluid collection) and pain if the quantity of blood is large enough. It presents as a swollen area similar to a bruise, but a bruise is flat while a hematoma tends to be raised. A hemorrhage is the active leaking of blood outside a blood vessel; once it stops, then it is considered a hematoma if the blood collects in tissue.
While all hematomas are to be avoided, most will resolve without any medical intervention. In some cases when the hematoma is quite large, it may be necessary to cut into the tissue to relieve the pressure. Hematoma in the brain is considered the most dangerous because even a little pressure on the brain can have serious consequences.
There are three types of hematoma in the brain due to TBI: epidural, subdural and intracerebral. An epidural hematoma is when blood accumulates between the lining of the brain (dura) and the skull because of trauma to the temple. It develops relatively quickly. A subdural hematoma, on the other hand, progresses more slowly but because it is under the dura, it is more difficult to get to in case surgical drainage is necessary. The worst type of brain hematoma due to TBI is an intracerebral one, where the leak is happening inside the brain itself. Surgical drainage or a craniotomy may remove the leak, but often the damage to the brain has been done. However, in intracerebral hematoma cases where there is a significant amount of blood, the patient will not survive without surgical intervention. The size of the hematoma in the brain is determined with the use of a CT scan and MRI.
If you or someone you know sustained a traumatic brain injury due to the negligence of others, you may be facing considerable expenses for the treatment, recovery and long-term care resulting from brain damage. Contact a TBI lawyer as soon as possible to recover damages.Learn More